By Bonnie Baker
This ebook has been written to aid electronic engineers who want a few uncomplicated analog instruments of their toolbox. For training electronic engineers, scholars, educators and hands-on managers who're trying to find the analog beginning they should deal with their day-by-day engineering difficulties, it will function a important connection with the nuts-and-bolts of procedure analog layout in a electronic world.
This publication is a hands-on designer's consultant to an important subject matters in analog electronics - akin to Analog-to-Digital and Digital-to-Analog conversion, operational amplifiers, filters, and integrating analog and electronic platforms. The presentation is customized for engineers who're essentially skilled and/or proficient in electronic circuit layout. This booklet will educate such readers the best way to "think analog" whilst it's the most sensible option to their challenge. distinctive recognition can be given to basic subject matters, reminiscent of noise and the way to exploit analog attempt and size apparatus, which are usually neglected in different analog titles geared toward specialist engineers.
- Extensive use of case-histories and genuine layout examples
- Offers electronic designers the fitting analog "tool" for the task at hand
- Conversational, annecdotal "tone" is particularly simply available by way of scholars and practitioners alike
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Additional info for A Baker's Dozen: Real Analog Solutions for Digital Designers
He based this conclusion on the device’s offset and gain speciﬁcations. The maximum speciﬁcations were: Offset error = ±3 LSB, Gain error = ±5 LSB, At ﬁrst glance, I thought he was right. From the list above, the worst speciﬁcation is gain error (±5 LSB). Applying simple mathematics, 12-bits of resolution minus ﬁve is equal to 7-bits, right? Why would an ADC manufacturer introduce such a device? The gain error speciﬁcation motivates me to purchase a lower-cost, 8-bit converter. However, that doesn’t seem right.
1111 1110 1101 1100 1011 Digital 1010 Output 1001 Code 1000 0111 0110 0101 0100 0011 0010 0001 0000 Ideal transfer function for a 4-bit A/D Transition Points code width 0 1/4 FS 1/2 FS 3/4 FS FS Analog Input Voltage Binary Two’s Complement Code In some applications, the unipolar ADC converts negative and positive values. 1c. These types of devices will output digital code in the binary two’s complement format. Binary two’s complement arithmetic is widely used in microcontrollers, calculators and computers because simple subtractions and additions require less code.
Interfacing With the Input of the SAR Converter Driving any A/D converter can be challenging if all issues and trade-offs are not well understood from the beginning. With the SAR converter, the sampling speed and source impedance should be taken into consideration if the device is to be fully utilized. Here we will discuss the issues that surround the SAR converter’s input and conversion to ensure that the converter is handled properly from the beginning of the design phase. We are also going to review the speciﬁcations available in most A/D converter data sheets, and identify the important speciﬁcations for driving your SAR.