By Thomas Bewick
In the overdue eighteenth century, the British took larger curiosity than ever earlier than in staring at and recording all facets of the flora and fauna. tourists and colonists getting back from far-flung lands supplied staggering bills of such unique creatures as elephants, baboons, and kangaroos. The engraver Thomas Bewick (1753–1828) harnessed this newfound curiosity through assembling the main complete illustrated advisor to nature of his day.
A basic background of Quadrupeds, first released in 1790, showcases Bewick’s groundbreaking engraving ideas that allowed textual content and pictures to be released at the comparable web page. From anteaters to zebras, armadillos to wolverines, this pleasant quantity positive factors engravings of over 400 animals along descriptions in their features as scientifically understood on the time. Quadrupeds reaffirms Bewick’s position in heritage as an incomparable illustrator, one whose impact on usual historical past and booklet printing nonetheless endures today.
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Extra info for A General History of Quadrupeds: The Figures Engraved on Wood
III. D 26 HISTORY OF QUADRUPEDS. -finer surface, and every year becomes more level and beautiful: the Horse selects the grass that is most delicate and tender; and being furnished with fore teeth on each jaw, nips it close, and frequently pulls it up by the roots, thereby preventing its 'future growth and propagation: the Sheep also, though formed like the Cow with respect to its teeth, only bites the most succulent parts of the herbage. The age of a Cow is known by its horns: at the ;age of four years, a ring is formed at their roots; and every succeeding year another ring is added.
The richness of the pasture contributes not a little to its increase. There have been instances of Cows giving upwards of thirty quarts of milk in one day. In such cases there is a necessity for milking them thrice. From the milk of some Cows, twelve or fourteen pounds of butter are made in a week. It has been advanced by some naturalists, as a general principle, that neither animals nor parts of animals, appear to be primarily intended for the use of man, but are only capable of a secondary application to his purposes: yet it must be allowed that, in many instances, what they term the secondary use, is so manifest and important, that it cannot, with propriety, be supposed to be excluded from the original design of the all-wise Creator: and it HISTORY OF QUADRUPEDS.
Their humps are of different sizes, in some weighing from forty to fifty pounds, but in others less. That part is in general considered as a great delicacy; and, when dressed, has much the appearance and taste of udder. The Bisons of Madagascar and Malabar are of the great kind; those of Arabia Petrea, and most parts of Africa, are of the Zebu or small kind. In America, especially towards the North, the Bison is well known. They herd together, in droves of from one to two hundred, on the banks of the Mississippi, where the inhabitants hunt them: their flesh is esteemed good eating.