By Marie-Aimée Cliche, W. Donald Wilson

At one time, using corporal punishment by means of mom and dad in child-rearing used to be thought of common, yet within the moment 1/2 the 19th century this start to switch, in Quebec in addition to the remainder of the Western international. It used to be in this interval that the level of ill-treatment inflicted on children―treatment as soon as excused pretty much as good child-rearing practice―was discovered.

This e-book analyzes either the recommendation supplied to folks and the several types of baby abuse inside households. Cliche derives her details from relatives magazines, reviews and recommendation columns in newspapers, people’s lifestyles tales, the documents of the Montreal Juvenile court docket, or even comedian strips. dates are given specific concentration: 1920, with the trial of the oldsters of Aurore Gagnon, which sensitized the general public to the phenomenon of “child martyrs;” and 1940, with the appearance of the hot schooling stream, which was once in response to psychology instead of strict self-discipline and spiritual doctrine.

There has regularly been baby abuse. What has replaced is society’s sensitivity to it. for this reason defenders of children’s rights demand the repeal of part forty three of the Canadian legal Code, which authorizes “reasonable” corporal punishment. Abuse or Punishment? considers not just the heritage of violence in the direction of childrens in Quebec however the background of public notion of this violence and what it capability for the remainder of Canada.

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Additional info for Abuse or Punishment?: Violence toward Children in Quebec Families, 1850-1969 (Studies in Childhood and Family in Canada)

Sample text

Nicolaÿ was emphatic: under no circumstances should there be any arguing with the child or use of indirect means to get him to obey, for “winning over is not winning,” and the child’s capitulation had to be total and absolute. With complete consistency Nicolaÿ declared that discipline should come before persuasion and severity before mildness. 22 Some authors thought that the child should learn to obey even earlier, all the way from the cradle. No one suggested that babies should be beaten, but doctors did recommend resisting their whims to prevent them from turning into little tyrants.

Corporal punishment of children— Québec (Province)—History. 4. Discipline of children—Québec (Province)—History. 5. Child rearing—Québec (Province)—History. I. Wilson, W. Donald, 1938–, translator II. Title. III. Title : Maltraiter ou punir? English. IV. 760971409’034 C2014-902730-3 C2014-902731-1 Front-cover image by Odette Vincent, “Les défauts de nos enfants,” L’Éducateur, suppl. to La Famille 6/3 (Nov. 1942), 95. Reproduced with permission. Cover design and text design Sandra Friesen. Copyright © 2007 by Éditions du Boréal.

Unfortunately, the infant mortality rate was also very high, particularly in Montreal. 2 Some sought comfort in the idea that they were “getting little angels in Paradise,”3 while others, in Canada as in the United States, attempted to defeat this scourge. 4 Eighty-five per cent of Québécois were Roman Catholics. Furthermore, some historians consider the years between 1840 and 1896 to be the period when the influence of the clergy was strongest in the province. 5 This meant that the children of farm families — in other words, the majority — began to contribute to the family’s subsistence by their labour as soon as they grew strong enough.

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